playSMS 1.4.3 on VirtualBox

This article is about playSMS 1.4.3 installation on VirtualBox. What you need is a computer that is connected to the internet and capable of running VirtualBox properly.

To actually send and/or receive SMS you will need another piece that is not part of this article. You can discuss that in playSMS Forum.

I will be using Ubuntu 18.04 on my VirtualBox. That means you can compare this article with previous article playSMS 1.4.3 on Ubuntu 18.04. There should be similarities, but of course the previous article focus on cloud installation and this one is more like local installation.

Since the installation is local you will need to download Ubuntu Server 18.04 ISO file from Ubuntu websites, save it somewhere in your computer.

1. Prepare Ubuntu Server

1.1. Add New VM

Add VM or Virtual Machine on VirtualBox. This is my VM settings for hosting playSMS:

On the image above, the one with red markers are important part. First the installation media, thats the Ubuntu Server ISO file attached to virtual optical drive on the VM. Secondly the additional adapter, Adapter 2. It must be Host-only Adapter and attached to a virtual network adapter for VirtualBox, vboxnet0 in my example.

Adapter 1 will be used by VM to connect to the internet and Adapter 2 will be used by you to connect to the VM via SSH from your Terminal app (shell/console), and also for browing playSMS locally too.

Once everything ready start the VM and begin Ubuntu installation.

1.2. During Ubuntu Installation

1.2.1. Network Connections

You must make sure that both adapter receive IP address. Write down the IP addresses, you will need it to connect via SSH.

Adapter 1 will get IP either from the network that is connected to the computer, or internal VirtualBox’s DHCP server, it depends on the type. In this example the Adapter 1 type is the default NAT type.

Adapter 2 will get IP from VirtualBox too but this IP only accessible form the computer.

1.2.2. Profile Setup

This is where you create a normal Linux user. We will use this user to do the installation, and everything else I suppose.

I will be using komodo as the normal Linux username. The rest of this article will use that username too. You can pick your own username but you must make sure that any reference to komodo in this article will have to change to your own too.

Set a password for the user, a strong password preferrable. We will use it to login via SSH later and become root via sudo.

1.2.3. SSH Setup

Check the checkbox here to install SSH server.

1.2.4. Ubuntu Installation Done

Once the installation done minimize the VM window and open your Terminal/Console app and connect to your VM via SSH.

You need to treat your VM as a remote server.

Next parts are happening inside your VM after you logged in to it via SSH.

1.3. Enable Ubuntu Firewall

Allow SSH first:

sudo ufw allow ssh

Enable UFW, activate it and make it starts on boot:

sudo ufw enable

Reload UFW:

sudo ufw reload

As of now only SSH allowed by server, later we will allow http and https. Don’t forget to ufw reload after changing UFW rules.

1.4. Install mc and unzip

Yes. Install mc and unzip :) I’m using mcedit as console text editor, and you might be checking files/folders frequently, for that I think mc helps. But you can always choose not to install it and stick with nano or vi.

You need to install unzip, composer will need it and playSMS will need composer.

Install mc and unzip:

sudo apt install mc unzip

1.5. Upgrade Server

Update and upgrade:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Most likely after upgrade Ubuntu asks for server reboot, reboot it then:

sudo shutdown -r now

Re-login to your VM via SSH after reboot is done.

2. Install MySQL Server

We will use MariaDB as MySQL server.

Install MySQL server MariaDB:

sudo apt install mariadb-server

Starts MariaDB and enable it:

sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Test your MySQL root access:

sudo mysql

You should now logged in to your MySQL server as MySQL user root. Type quit and <Enter> to exit MySQL console.

Note that you cannot login to MariaDB as MySQL user root if you are not Linux user root. Use sudo to access MySQL server as MySQL user root, you won’t be asked for MySQL password.

We will not use MySQL user root in playSMS, we will create a new MySQL user just for playSMS database later.

3. Install Web Server and PHP 7.2

We will use Apache2 as the web server.

Install Apache2, PHP 7.2 and required PHP modules:

sudo apt install apache2 php php-cli php-mysql php-gd php-curl php-mbstring php-xml php-zip

Start Apache2 and enable it:

sudo systemctl start apache2.service
sudo systemctl enable apache2.service

Allow HTTP:

sudo ufw allow http
sudo ufw reload

Let’s test the PHP:

cd /var/www/html
sudo nano test.php
<?php
phpinfo();

Save test.php and browse the file, you should see PHP Info page.

Browse test.php

Browse your Adapter 2’s IP address. In this example its http://192.168.56.108/test.php

Remove test.php after testing:

sudo rm -f /var/www/html/test.php

4. Install playSMS

Now that we have a working web server with PHP, and MySQL server, we can then install playSMS 1.4.3.

Please remember to execute commands as normal Linux user, and only use sudo to gain root access when necessary. In this article playSMS will be installed under user komodo as mentioned before.

4.1. Prepare Directories

Here are some important directories that need to be ready before playSMS installation:

  • /home/komodo/web
  • /home/komodo/log
  • /home/komodo/bin
  • /home/komodo/etc
  • /home/komodo/lib
  • /home/komodo/src

Create directories:

cd ~
mkdir -p bin etc lib src web log
chmod 775 bin etc lib src web log

4.2. Check PHP Modules

Required PHP modules should already be installed, but before proceeding with playSMS installation you need to make sure that required PHP modules are installed:

php -m

Make sure you see at least curlgdmbstringmysqli and xml on the list.

4.3. Prepare Database

Create MySQL database that will be used by playSMS:

sudo mysqladmin create playsms

Login as MySQL user root and create a new MySQL user for above database:

sudo mysql
CREATE USER 'playsms'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'strongpasswordhere';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON playsms.* TO 'playsms'@'localhost';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit

As of this section you will have a MySQL database named playsms and MySQL normal user playsms with your own strong password which only have access to database playsms.

4.4. Get playSMS Source Code

playSMS source code available on Github, you will need git to get them, and git should already be installed.

Go to src folder:

cd ~/src

Get playSMS version 1.4.3:

git clone -b 1.4.3 --depth=1 https://github.com/antonraharja/playSMS

The -b 1.4.3 --dept=1 part is important, it tells git to only download playSMS 1.4.3.

As of now your playSMS 1.4.3 source code is available at /home/komodo/src/playSMS.

4.5. Prepare install.conf

Go to playSMS source code directory, copy install.conf.dist to install.conf and then edit it.

Go to playSMS source code directory:

cd ~/src/playSMS

Edit install.conf:

cp install.conf.dist install.conf
mcedit install.conf

These are values I set on install.conf:

DBUSER="playsms"
DBPASS="strongpasswordhere"
DBNAME="playsms"
DBHOST="localhost"
DBPORT="3306"
WEBSERVERUSER="www-data"
WEBSERVERGROUP="www-data"
PATHSRC="/home/komodo/src/playSMS"
PATHWEB="/home/komodo/web"
PATHLIB="/home/komodo/lib"
PATHBIN="/home/komodo/bin"
PATHLOG="/home/komodo/log"
PATHCONF="/home/komodo/etc"

Values need to reflect your server configuration. If you follow this article from the start then above values should be correct, with exception your true database password (DBPASS) of course.

Read the values above carefully and make changes accordingly, please don’t just copy-paste them.

Save install.conf and ready to run install script.

4.6. Run playSMS Install Script

playSMS install script will download composer and download packages from repo.packagist.org. After that the script will copy necessary files from playSMS source code to web and bin.

Since theres requirement to be able to download from external site (repo.packagist.org), you have to make sure that external site is working and reachable.

But you can just start the install script, because you’ll know if something not right, for example the script fail to download packages. When that happens you can fix the problem first, like fix your networking setup and perhaps firewall, or simply wait (theres a chance the external site down too), and then go back to re-run the install script.

Just to make sure that networking stuff is right.

OK, let’s start the installation:

cd ~/src/playSMS
./install-playsms.sh

Verify installation:

Press Y (you will be asked twice, answer Y both) and proceed the installation.

Successful installation will show that all playSMS daemon is running:

4.7. Symlink

Next step after running the install script is to link playSMS web directory to somewhere inside Apache2 web root directory. In this example playSMS will be accessible from subfolder playsms therefore we need to link /home/komodo/web to /var/www/html/playsms.

/home/komodo/web is where the install script install playSMS and /var/www/html is the default Apache2 web root where you can browse files via HTTP on your VM.

Here’s how to link it, create a symlink:

sudo ln -s /home/komodo/web /var/www/html/playsms

This part is important, do not miss it.

Now browse your playSMS on your VM, in this example browse to http://192.168.56.108/playsms

4.8. playSMS Log

The web server, Apache2, is running as user www-data, but we ran install script as user komodo, therefore all files and folders created by install script will be owned by user komodo and Apache2 won’t be able to write playSMS logs in directory log.

Set permission on directory log so that www-data have access, and also create playSMS log files in advance:

cd ~
touch log/playsms.log log/audit.log
sudo chown -R www-data.komodo log
sudo chmod 664 log/playsms.log log/audit.log

4.9. Adjust config.php

Edit playSMS config.php:

mcedit ~/web/config.php

Inside config.php search for logstate and set it to 3.

4.10. Change Default Password

Go to your browser, browse your playSMS on your VM and login as playSMS administrator.

Default admin access:

  • Username: admin
  • Password: admin

After login as admin, go to My account -> Preferences and change admin password.

4.11. Installation Done

Installation is done, you got a working playSMS now.

I would suggest you to visit these articles and do that too:

Don’t forget to join the Forum and ask/answer playSMS questions there:

5. References

Reference:

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